Dive into issues you or someone you know many be suffering with.
Anxiety is a normal and adaptive human emotion that is often experienced in response to stress or perceived threats. It is a natural part of your body’s “fight or flight” response, preparing you to face a challenging situation. However, when anxiety becomes excessive, prolonged, or disproportionate to the actual threat, it can develop into an anxiety disorder.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), commonly known as Body Dysmorphia, is a mental health condition characterised by obsessive preoccupation of perceived flaws or defects in physical appearance. Those of you suffering with BDD may focus intensively on a particular aspect of your appearance, such as your skin, nose, hair, or body size, and believe that these perceived flaws make you ugly or deformed. Despite often being reassured by others that these flaws are minimal or non-existent, you do not believe them.
This preoccupation can lead to significant distress and impairment in daily functioning and you may practice various behaviours in an attempt to fix or hide your perceived flaws, such as excessive grooming, seeking reassurance, or undergoing repeated cosmetic procedures. However, these behaviours provide only temporary relief, and the obsessive thoughts and preoccupations persist.
BDD can significantly impact various aspects of life, including relationships, work, and overall well-being.
Depression, also known as major depressive disorder (MDD) or clinical depression, is a mental health condition that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness, hopelessness and/or a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed. It goes beyond the normal fluctuations in mood that everyone experiences and can significantly impact your daily functioning and overall well-being.
EMDR / NNRT helps reprocess negative experiences, thoughts, memories and emotions by using bilateral eye movement whilst the patient/client experiences and feels the actual aspects of the memory and emotions associated with the disturbing event.
Why, you may ask, must you experience and feel the emotions, thoughts, feelings etc. that you don‘t want to feel or experience but want to recover from?
The reason is that we can’t let go of something we don’t own. Usually when we don’t want to feel something we generally put on a brave face and try to push it away. When we do this, the unwanted feelings come at us even stronger. However as soon as we ‘own’ those feelings and feel them, we can begin to let go of them and start to heal.
A fear is generally defined as an emotional response to a perceived threat or danger. It is a basic human emotion that triggers a physiological and psychological response to help you cope with potential harm. Fear can be experienced in various situations, ranging from real and immediate threats to imagined or anticipated dangers.
A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder characterised by an excessive fear of a specific object, situation, or activity. Unlike general fears, phobias are intense and persistent, often leading to significant distress and interference with daily life. People with phobias go to great lengths to avoid the feared stimulus, and the fear is typically out of proportion to the actual level of danger posed by the situation.
The Dictionary of Nursing Oxford Reference 1992 defines stress as follows:- “Any factor that threatens the health of the body or has an adverse effect on its functioning, such as injury, disease or worry. Constant stress brings about changes in the balance of hormones in the body”
Stress is a totally normal re-action. We need stress, it motivates us, and it’s perfectly healthy in limited amounts, however it becomes a serious risk when it occurs too often. The results of which may result in emotional and physical burnout. We humans respond to stress in one of two ways – fight or flight. In primitive caveman times the stress response was short lived and the body could return back to normal.
Today, however this is not so; we have far more stressors to contend with, for example noise, money, relationship problems, financial worries, a frightening experience, bad news the list goes on and on. Our general health depends mostly on how we are able to fight stress and disease and depending on our body type, personality and lifestyle, stress can trigger a range of health problems. “Although the exact role of stress in human diseases it is not known it is clear that stress can lead to certain diseases”. (Tartora & Grabowski 1993:559).
Stress now seems to be endemic – 21st century dis-ease in fact – however when we can understand how stress works and our ability to cope with it, it becomes easier to handle. Stress is a physiological and psychological response to a perceived threat, challenge, or demand. It is a normal part of human experience and can arise from various sources, both external and internal. Stress can manifest in different ways and impact individuals physically, emotionally, and behaviourally.
Trauma is when we experience very stressful, frightening or distressing events that are difficult to cope with or are out of our control. It could be one incident, or an ongoing event that happens over a long period of time. Most of us, however, will experience an event in our lives that would be considered traumatic. But we are not at all affected the same way by it.
Trauma can happen at any age, and it can affect us at any time, including a long time after the event has happened. Trauma is a deeply distressing or disturbing experience that can have a profound physical and emotional impact on a person. It can be caused by a single event, such as any accident or a natural disaster, or by repeated exposure to stressful or traumatic situations, such as child abuse or domestic violence.
These events are often perceived as life-threatening, causing intense fear, helplessness, terror and overwhelm. Trauma can result from a wide range of experiences, including but not limited to:
Psychological Trauma: Events that deeply affect you emotionally, such as the death of a loved one, a serious illness, or experiencing violence or abuse. Sexual assault, harassment, or any unwanted sexual activity can lead to severe psychological trauma.
Physical Trauma: Injuries or accidents that cause harm to the body, such as car accidents, falls, or physical assault.
Trauma from being involved in a Natural Disaster: Surviving or witnessing natural disasters, like earthquakes, hurricanes, or floods.
Combat Trauma: Military personnel may experience trauma related to combat, injuries, witnessing violence or losing comrades.
Childhood Trauma: Adverse childhood experiences, such as neglect, abuse, or household dysfunction, can have lasting effects on mental health.